Health Information Technology is an expanding industry specifically designed to help safeguard and streamline digital health records in the modern age. Below is a brief listing of the variety of forms and templates used to help create the framework for how HIT functions.
- The Electronic Health Record (EHR)
The Electronic Health Record, also known as EHR or EMR for Electronic Medical Record, is an electronic version of a patient’s health and reports. The primary reason for the adoption of the EHR is to streamline the medical process by making a patient’s records easy to access, update, and change when required. It helps doctors to save time on paperwork and makes it simpler for them to look up the information they need. In addition, it makes transferring records between hospitals easier.
- The Electronic Dental Record (EDR)
While EHR deals more with a person’s general health, the Electronic Dental Record exists as an electronic version of the person’s dental health and history. Consisting of charts, diagrams, and a recording of past procedures, an EDR is a relatively simple and specialized version of the EHR.
- The Personal Health Record (PHR)
Unlike an EHR, the Personal Health Record allows people to maintain and manage their health information. There are already systems of PHR set up and in use, like with the Office of Veteran Affairs. Giving the patient the ability to share and review their own information, the PHR has a lot of versatility and provides information in a way that a non-expert can understand the results.
- The Secure Messaging System (SMS)
Secure messaging has been a challenge since the Internet first fell into widespread use. While messaging within a system is typically protected (like between computers in the same hospital network) finding secure ways to transfer information between say a hospital and a pharmacy has not always been simple or easy. SMS attempts to resolve this by finding more secure ways to send information. Typically involving some degree of encryption, the information in route is incomprehensible until it arrives at its destination where it is then decoded.
- The ePrescribing System
Also known as Electronic Prescriptions, the ePrescribing System makes it possible for Health Information Technology to transfer, order, and submit prescriptions. The system works not only with the hospital, but area providers as well. With this system, a doctor can prescribe medication to a client, leading them to more quickly get the prescription they need. Simply put, it helps making the transfer of information from the point of care to the dispenser easier.
- The Practice Management System
The Practice Manages Systems is specifically designed to help manage the day-to-day operations of all the forms listed above. It creates the interactive framework that facilitates communication of files either within the network of a hospital or between hospital networks. In addition to tracking patient records, it can also be used to track things like billing, scheduling, and other useful functions that are necessary for everyday operation. Together with the forms listed above, Practice Management Systems brings all of HIT under a single umbrella interface.
Why go through all this trouble? Well, as numerous studies have shown, there are clear Benefits of HIT. Along with improving patient care, it reduces the paperwork for doctors as well as incorrect treatments or diagnoses. More than that, it represents an incredible time saving tool that helps make it easy for hospitals to share patient records with one another. Facilitating this level of organization, Health Information Technology has made it possible through standardized forms and templates the level of care that every patient deserves.