Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health

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When you talk about information technology, it has a significant hand in improving the status in the fields of environmental education and human health as compared to that of the other respective areas such as business, economics, and culture or politics. The emerging growth of the internet services and facilities, geographic information system or GIS, and the data that gets transmitted through satellites, etc. have generated a higher affluence of the updated information on several aspects of the environment as well as health. When you look for the variety of software in the market, you will come across a number of them that created for the health and environment studies in a better way. They are quite user-friendly and certainly help a learner to understand the respective subject with ease.

Database on the Environment System

Understanding the meaning of database is super easy and straightforward; it is a collection of connected data on some subjects. It comes in a computerized form, and you can retrieve the data at any hour of the day whenever needed. The information of database can easily extract in a computer. When it comes to comprehensive databases, things that include in it are wildlife database, forest cover database, and conservation database, etc. the databases are also available for some diseases which include malaria, fluorosis, HIV/AIDS, etc.

  • National management information system (NMIS).
  • Environmental information system (ENVIS).
  • Remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS).
  • Geographical information system (GIS).
  • The World Wide Web (WWW).

 

  1. National Management Information System (Nmis)

According to NMIS of the department of science and technology, it can understand that it has a database compilation that base on research and development projects, as well as information that is related to research scientists and personnel, are included.

  1. Environmental Information System (Envis)

According to the ministry of environment and forests, the government of India has developed an information system known as ecological information system or ENVIS. It has its headquarters based in Delhi and has its branches all over India. ENVIS established back in 1982, and since then, its main aim is to provide environmental information to all the decision makers, engineers, scientists, and policy planners that reside in all over the country. The centers of ENVIS implement the work hours in generating a new network for databases in areas such as clean technologies, pollution control, biodiversity, wildlife, environmental management, remote sensing, and renewable energy.

  1. Remote Sensing And Geographical Information System (Gis)

The process of remote sensing that accesses through satellites can be used to get through the ongoing alterations in the environment as well as to predict the natural hazards before time such as floods, droughts, volcanic eruptions, starvation, etc. It is one of the most useful techniques in exploring the availability of mineral deposits, crude oil, and locating other geothermal powerhouses.

  1. Geographical Information System (GIS)

GIS or geographic information system consider as one of the most effective tools in the entire environmental management topic. It is a process of superimposing different thematic maps with the help of digital data on a large scale of interconnected aspects. The different thematic maps that contain digital information and database on various elements such as forest land, water resources, soil type, cropland, industrial growth, human settlement, and industrial growth, etc. are placed in a layered prospectus in the computer with the help of software.

GIS also helps in identifying some deadly and chronic diseases that come from the infested areas which are very much prone to vector-borne diseases such as schistosomiasis, malaria, etc. based on the geographical map of that area. There are some distribution information centers (DICs) in India that are interrelated with each other and with the central information network getting its access to the international database.

They are also capable of availing information and facts about the atmospheric phenomena such as the upcoming monsoon, inversion phenomena, the depletion of the ozone layer, smog, etc. It is the reason why remote sensing and GIS play a significant role in resource mapping, management, planning, environmental conservation, and environmental impact assessment as well.

  1. The World Wide Web (WWW)

With the availability of resources on every aspect, things like classroom activities, digital files of photos, web-exercises, animations, PowerPoint lecture presentations, and quiz competitions have proved to be more helpful for both the students as well as the teachers who pursue environmental studies.

Features Of Online Learning Centre Websites

Student-Friendly Aspects:

It includes tips how to study smartly, detailed information and hyperlinks on every important topic, practice quiz, web exercises, case studies, key-terms, career information, current affairs, an interactive encyclopedia, environmental maps, current articles, and tips to contact your elected officials.

Teacher-Friendly Aspects:

It includes additional case studies, solutions to critical thinking, questions, answers to web exercises, editing facility to imply or delete the items and make multiple versions of the same test, etc.

Seeking Online Help for Information on Health

The online portals provide a wide range of information on various subjects such as human health and environment. You can access help from the national institute of occupational health as it avails electronic information on the professional and fundamental health of people who work in hazardous working conditions such as industries, etc. and provide safety measures as well.

Conclusion

The field of information technology has been increasing rapidly with an explosion of some applications and new avenues that are opening along with an active role in the field of education, planning, and management of health and environment. Information technology has been playing a significant role in the areas of biometrics, genome sequencing, gene engineering, online medical transcription, maintaining the DTA database for the betterment of human health, biotechnology, etc. The field also helps in identifying some deadly and chronic diseases that come from the infested areas which are very much prone to vector-borne diseases such as schistosomiasis, malaria, etc. based on the geographical map of that area.

About the writer: Joan Young is an aspiring journalist and copywriter with deep interest in sociology, inventions and technological progress. In a spare from traveling minute, she provides online tutoring sessions to international students and finds immense pleasure in witnessing their writing progress. Some of her insights can be found in her author’s column on AdvancedWriters blog.